PREVALENCE OF PULMONARY AND EXTRA PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS IN PUNJAB POPULATION OF PAKISTAN
Keywords:Tuberculosis; Male to female ratio; Prevalence; Age groups; Pakistan.
Tuberculosis, being one of the top 10 death causing diseases worldwide, is still widespread in developing countries. Pakistan is currently ranked fifth among the high tuberculosis burden countries and 5 % of the total patients worldwide are from this country. The study was conducted on 633 tuberculosis patients involving both pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis from Punjab population of Pakistan. Male to female ratio was found to be 0.96 in this population. Most of the individuals infected from this disease were found to be of age group 15-34 where 38.38% males and 46.43% females were infected. Among pulmonary tuberculosis, age group <15 was most infected with 31.11% males and 39.84% females while among extra pulmonary tuberculosis age group 15-34 was found most infected with 51.53% males and 56.31% females. Significant difference in MFR and age groups prevalence of this disease was noted when compares with neighbor countries India and Iran.